is there any different between chinese and mandarin?

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is there any different between chinese and mandarin?

Post by hazimah » Wed Mar 26, 2003 11:06 am

is there any different between chinese language and mandarin language?
and,how can i learn mandarin language?
Dylan Sung

Re: is there any different between chinese and mandarin?

Post by Dylan Sung » Wed Mar 26, 2003 6:40 pm


Mandarin is the standard national language of China, and it is the language which is taught outside China as the representative Chinese language. So, Mandarin is but one of many Chinese languages alive in China.

The standard national language which is usually refered to as Mandarin outside China, is based on the speech patterns of Beijing. It is also a family of dialects which are related, but not exactly the same to each other. A dialect is a variety of the language which is spoken in a different location and has a different quality to it, for examples, there may be vowels and consonants and the pitch may all sound different to the standard language.

Taking English as an example, the accent of the Queen's English will be different to the sound of English as spoken by a scotsman from Scotland, or welshman from Wales, an american from the US or an australian from Australia. Since each location will also have their own particular words for saying things, these become dialects of English. However, to converse between these countries, you can say, there is a standard of English which each country's speakers can mutually understand.

So, Mandarin has a great number of more localised dialects, and together they form a language family refered to as Mandarin. Other than Mandarin, there are a number of other language families found in Chinese, namely, Wu, Xiang, Gan, Yue, Hakka and Min languages, each having numerous localised dialects as well. Together, they all belong to the family of languages called Chinese.

It is like the germanic languages of German, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Icelandic, Faroese and English, or the Romance languages of French, Spanish, Italian and Romanian.

Mandarin, as I've said is the representative Chinese language. There is a great amount of learning materials available in bookform, including audio tapes and CD-roms. Classroom teaching may be obtained through universities, or specialised Chinese schools around the world.

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