question

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Ally

question

Post by Ally » Wed May 15, 2002 4:33 pm

Hi, I was wondering whether could any of you guys tell me whether the character 嬋 (chan2) means anything? Like what is the etymology of this character, if there is any?

So far, I have two conflicting opinions: some people tell me that it means insect (cicada I presume), and others tell me it does not mean anything.

Thanks.
James Campbell

Re: question

Post by James Campbell » Thu May 16, 2002 2:37 am

Actually, the word you typed does exist and means something (or else you wouldn't be able to type it on a computer!)

Your conflicting opinion lies here: another character with the insect radical (蟬) means cicada. I have a large piece of jade in the shape of one, and this insect is considered lucky.

But the character you typed is 嬋--it has a woman radical. This can be used to describe women being pretty, beautiful (there are hundreds of such characters). It really shouldn't be used alone, but is found in the following words:

嬋娟
嬋連
嬋娟刃
嬋媛

These mean graceful.

The most commonly used word is 嬋娟 (chan-juan).

This character is a phonetic compound, meaning that its pronunciation is based on the way it is written. The base character is 單 which is usually pronounced dan but can also be pronounced chan. And this character originally came from another character (without the two boxes on top) pronounced fan2. So there are many characters now that use 單 as a phonetic element which guides you a bit to the pronunciation. Most Chinese phonetic elements rhyme, and their initial consonants usually occur in the same set of sounds as pronounced in Ancient Chinese, which sometimes has much more variance in Modern Chinese. The following characters use it as a phonetic element:

單 dan1, chan2
僤 dan3
匰 dan1
殫 dan1
簞 dan1
襌 dan1
鄲 dan1
癉 dan3, duo4
嘽 tan1, chan3
彈 tan2
憚 dan4
犭單 chan1
戰 zhan4
樿 zhan3
燀 zhan3, chan3
幝 chan3
繟 chan3
闡 chan3 灛 chan3
嬋 chan2
蟬 chan2
墠 shan4
禪 shan4
觶 zhi1
驒 ta2, tuo2, tan2, dian1
鼍 to2, tuo2, tan2
鱓 to2, tuo2, tan2
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